The chronic illness known as diabetes is brought on by the body's improper utilisation and storage of sugar, or glucose, from diet. Diabetes is primarily divided into two types:
1. Type 1 diabetes:
This occurs when the immune system of the body targets and kills the pancreatic cells that produce insulin. This kind of diabetes usually first manifests in childhood or adolescence and calls for insulin injections for the rest of one's life.
2. Type 2 diabetes:
This condition is brought on by an increased body resistance to insulin or by insufficient insulin production by the pancreas to regulate blood glucose levels. This kind of diabetes can be controlled with medication, dietary modifications, and insulin therapy. It is frequently linked to obesity and a sedentary lifestyle: this condition arises.
Diabetes frequently manifests as thirstiness all the time, impaired eyesight, weariness, and slow-healing wounds or sores. Diabetes can cause major health problems like heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and nerve damage if it is not controlled.
Diabetes can occur as a result of multiple reasons. These are a few typical reasons;
1. Genetic factors:
A substantial portion of diabetes's development is attributed to genetics. You could be more likely to get diabetes if there is a history of the illness in your family.
2. Obesity and sedentary lifestyle:
Type 2 diabetes is more likely to develop in those who are overweight or obese. Insulin resistance is a condition that precedes type 2 diabetes and is also facilitated by inactivity.
3. Unhealthy diet:
Eating a lot of processed foods, sugar-filled beverages, and refined carbs raises the chance of getting diabetes. Over time, eating these kinds of meals may cause insulin resistance and weight gain.
4. Age and ethnicity:
Diabetes is more likely to develop in older people. People are more at risk as they age. Diabetes is also more common in some racial and ethnic groups, including Asian Americans, African Americans, and Hispanic Americans.
5. Gestational diabetes:
Women who acquire gestational diabetes, or diabetes during pregnancy, are more likely to go on to acquire type 2 diabetes in the future. Furthermore, there's a chance that their kids will grow up to have diabetes.
It's crucial to remember that while having these characteristics can raise one's chance of getting diabetes, it does not ensure that one will get the illness. Diabetes is a result of a confluence of environmental, lifestyle, and hereditary variables. It's best to speak with a healthcare provider if diabetes worries you.