Vitiligo is not contagious nor life-threatening, but it can have a significant impact on a person's appearance and self-esteem. Individuals with vitiligo may face social stigma and discrimination due to the visible changes in their skin.
Treatment for vitiligo aims to even out the skin tone and minimize the contrast between the depigmented patches and the unaffected skin. Depending on the extent and location of the vitiligo, treatment options may include topical corticosteroids, topical calcineurin inhibitors, topical psoralens plus UVA (PUVA) therapy, narrowband ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) therapy, excimer laser, or depigmentation.
Individuals with vitiligo need to consult with a dermatologist or a healthcare professional to determine the best treatment option for their specific case. Additionally, support groups and counselling can be beneficial in helping individuals cope with the emotional aspects of living with vitiligo.